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Documents on Auschwitz
Posted Friday, May 28, 2010


After a long manhunt Rudolf Höss (right), former commandant of Auschwitz concentration camp, was captured by British soldiers in March 1946, and after some severe manhandling interrogated. The early British interrogation reports are missing but may turn up over the years. Two are to be found in the Public Record Office in Kew, London, the war crimes investigators' files: WO.309/374. Höss has evidently been persuaded to finger the Waffen SS and various visiting Nazi ministers - coincidentaly the organisation and ministers on trial for their lives at that time in Nuremberg.


British Interrogation of Rudolf Höss, March 20, 1946

       Made voluntarily at Minden Gaol by RUDOLF HOESS, 
       former Commandant of AUSCHWITZ concentration Camp, 
       on the 20th of March 1946.
1.	I was Commandant of the Concentration camp AUSCHWITZ from 1 May 1940 
        to the first of December 1943.
2.	When I took up my duties there were approximately 50 men Waffen SS 
        as guard platoon and 12-15 men Waffen SS as HQ section.
3.	At the time I relinquished my command there were 3000 men Waffen SS serv-
        ing as guards, 300 men Waffen SS as Camp staff, and another 200 men Waffen 
        SS employed on other administrative duties, all told 3500 men Waffen SS 
        at the Concentration camp AUSCHWITZ.
4.	Out of those who served originally at the camp, approximately 2500 men 
        Waffen SS were posted to field units and replaced by others, so that dur-
        ing my term of service all told 6000 men Waffen SS served at one time or 
        another in AUSCHWITZ. After my departure this exchange of personnel con-
        tinued, and I should say another 1000 men Waffen SS were replaced up to the 
        time of the evacuation of the Camp in 1945, so that all told approximately 
        7000 men Waffen SS have served at one time or another at the Concentration 
        Camp AUSCHWITZ.
5.	Once a man had been selected from the guard troops for service with 
        the Camp staff, he remained with the staff, unless posted away from the Camp.
Witnessed by me, Capt. A. Vollmar, 			[blue ink signature:]
XXII Dragoons, an officer of the                         Rudolf Höß
                     Judge Advocate General's Depart-
ment, HQ, BAOR, at Minden Gaol in 
Germany on this the 20th day of March 
        [Blue ink:]
		A. Vollmar Capt
		JAG Branch
		HQ B.A.O.R.
I hereby certify that I have accurately translated this deposition from English into German to the said deponent Rudolf HOESS and that he fully agrees the contents thereof.      [in blue ink: "
Rudolf HOESS"] [Signed in ink above deleted text: A Vollmar, Capt. JAG Branch HQ BAOR 20 [= written in blue ink] March 1946 [short line, probably the location, obliterated]

Now see his British interrogation, March 16, 1946

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